Émile Durkheim


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    Émile Durkheim Empty Émile Durkheim

    Post by msistarted0 on Fri Jan 07, 2011 2:36 am

    David Émile Durkheim (French pronunciation: [emil dyʁkɛm]) (April 15, 1858 – November 15, 1917) was a French sociologist. He formally established the academic discipline and, with Karl Marx and Max Weber, is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science.[1]

    Durkheim set up the first European department of sociology at the University of Bordeaux in 1895, publishing his Rules of the Sociological Method. In 1896, he established the journal L'Année Sociologique. Durkheim's seminal monograph, Suicide (1897), a study of suicide rates amongst Catholic and Protestant populations, pioneered modern social research and served to distinguish social science from psychology or political philosophy.[2] His classic work, The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1912), compared the socio-cultural lives of aboriginal and modern societies, further establishing his reputation.

    Durkheim refined the positivism originally set forth by Auguste Comte, promoting epistemological realism and the hypothetico-deductive model. For him, sociology was the science of institutions, its aim being to discover structural "social facts".[3] Durkheim was a major proponent of structural functionalism, a foundational perspective in both sociology and anthropology.[4][5] In his view, social science should be purely holistic; that is, sociology should study phenomenon attributed to society at large, rather than being limited to the specific actions of individuals.[6]

    Durkheim remained a dominant force in French intellectual life until his death in 1917, presenting numerous lectures and published works on a variety of topics, including, the sociology of knowledge, morality, social stratification, religion, law, education, and deviance. Marcel Mauss, a notable social anthropologist of the pre-war era, was his nephew. Durkheimian terms such as "collective conscience" have since entered the popular discourse.[7]

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