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    Rationalization (sociology)

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    msistarted0

    Posts : 358
    Join date : 2010-11-09

    Rationalization (sociology)

    Post by msistarted0 on Fri Jan 07, 2011 2:58 am

    In sociology, rationalization (or rationalisation) is the process where by an increasing number of social actions become based on considerations of teleological efficiency or calculation rather than on motivations derived from morality, emotion, custom, or tradition. It is regarded as a central aspect of modernity, manifested especially in Western society; as a behaviour of the capitalist market; of rational administration in the state and bureaucracy; of the extension of modern science; and of the expansion of modern technology.

    Many sociologists, critical theorists and contemporary philosophers have argued that rationalization, as falsely assumed progress, has a negative and dehumanizing effect on society, moving modernity away from the central tenets of enlightenment.[1] Sociology itself arose primarily as a critical reaction to it:

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